Sun. May 26th, 2024
How to Check if Hard Drive Is Failing Windows 10


How to Check if Hard Drive Is Failing Windows 10?

Imagine this: You’re working diligently on an important project when suddenly everything comes to a screeching halt. Your screen freezes, and all the unsaved progress disappears into thin air. Before panic sets in, take a deep breath because there might be a way to prevent such nightmares from becoming reality. It’s time for some digital diagnostics! In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of checking if your hard drive is about to kick the bucket in Windows 10. With our help, you’ll learn how to spot those sneaky warning signs that indicate potential failure so that you can take action before disaster strikes. 

How to Check if Hard Drive Is Failing in Windows 10?

Hard drive health is a critical aspect of maintaining a reliable computer. Failing hard drives can lead to data loss and system instability. In this guide, we’ll explore how to detect signs of a failing hard drive in Windows 10 and take proactive measures to avoid potential disasters.

Signs of a Failing Hard Drive

Unusual Noise from the Hard Drive

One of the first signs of trouble is unusual noise emanating from your hard drive. Clicking, grinding, or whirring sounds may indicate mechanical issues. If you hear these noises, back up your data immediately, as it could be a sign of imminent failure.

Frequent System Crashes or Freezes

Is your system crashing or freezing more frequently? While software issues can cause this, it’s also a common symptom of a failing hard drive. Regularly check your event logs for disk-related errors.

Slow Boot Times and Application Load

A noticeable decline in boot times and application loading speed could signal a failing hard drive. If your system struggles to access data, it’s time to investigate further.

Error Messages Related to Disk Problems

Keep an eye out for error messages that mention disk problems. Windows often provides diagnostic information when it encounters issues with your hard drive. Don’t ignore these warnings.

Built-in Windows Tools for Hard Drive Health

Windows Error Checking (chkdsk)

Windows 10 offers built-in utilities for hard drive health checks. Chkdsk is one such tool. To use it, open Command Prompt as an administrator and type “chkdsk /f” to schedule a disk check on the next system restart.

SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology)

SMART is a feature in modern hard drives that monitors various parameters of drive health. To access SMART data, you can use third-party tools like CrystalDiskInfo or HD Tune.

Reliability Monitor

Reliability Monitor provides a detailed history of system events, including hardware and software failures. To access it, type “Reliability Monitor” into the Windows search bar and review the recorded incidents for disk-related issues.

Running a Disk Check Using Windows Error Checking

Accessing Command Prompt as Administrator

Press the Windows key, type “cmd,” right-click Command Prompt, and select “Run as administrator.” This step ensures you have the necessary privileges to perform a disk check.

Running a Basic Disk Check

Once in Command Prompt, type “chkdsk /f” and press Enter. Windows will inform you that it can’t check the disk now and ask if you’d like to schedule it for the next system restart. Confirm by typing “Y” and restart your computer.

Running an Advanced Disk Check with Repair

For a more thorough check, use “chkdsk /r.” This command not only detects but also attempts to repair bad sectors on your hard drive. Be prepared for a longer process, and again, schedule it for the next restart.

Interpreting SMART Data

Accessing SMART Data Using Third-Party Tools

To access SMART data, download and install a SMART monitoring tool like CrystalDiskInfo or HD Tune. These tools provide detailed information about your hard drive’s health, including temperature, error rates, and more.

Understanding SMART Attributes

SMART attributes are values that indicate various aspects of your hard drive’s health. Familiarize yourself with these attributes to understand your drive’s condition better. High error counts or unusual values may signify problems.

Using Reliability Monitor

Accessing Reliability Monitor

To open Reliability Monitor, type “Reliability Monitor” in the Windows search bar and select the corresponding result. The tool will display a timeline of system events, including hardware failures and application crashes.

Interpreting Reliability Data for Hard Drive Issues

Look for critical events related to disk failures in Reliability Monitor. The tool provides timestamps and detailed information about each event, helping you identify when and why hard drive issues occurred.

Third-Party Tools for Hard Drive Health Checking

Popular Third-Party Tools for Windows 10

There are several reliable third-party tools available for hard drive health checks on Windows 10. Some of the popular options include CrystalDiskInfo, HD Tune, and Hard Disk Sentinel. These tools often offer more comprehensive insights into your hard drive’s health than built-in Windows utilities.

How to Use Third-Party Tools for Hard Drive Health Checks

Download and install your chosen third-party tool. Launch the application and navigate to the section related to hard drive health. These tools provide real-time monitoring and can generate reports detailing your hard drive’s condition over time.

Preventative Measures and Data Backup

Preventing Hard Drive Failure

While monitoring your hard drive’s health is essential, taking preventative measures is equally crucial. Keep your computer in a cool, well-ventilated space, and handle it gently to avoid physical damage.

Setting Up Automated Backups in Windows 10

Regularly back up your data to an external drive or cloud storage service. Windows 10 offers built-in backup tools, including File History and Backup and Restore. Set up automated backups to ensure your data is safe in case of a hard drive failure.

How to Check Hard Drive Health in Windows 10?

Checking the health of your hard drive in Windows 10 is crucial to prevent data loss and system crashes. One reliable method is to use built-in tools like “Check Disk” or “Chkdsk.” Open a Command Prompt with administrative privileges and type “chkdsk /f” to schedule a disk check on the next restart. Windows will scan and attempt to repair any issues. Additionally, you can use third-party software like CrystalDiskInfo or HDDScan to monitor your drive’s SMART attributes, which provide insights into its overall health and performance. Regularly checking your hard drive health can help you identify problems early and take necessary actions to safeguard your data.

How to Run Hard Drive Diagnostics on Windows 10?

Running hard drive diagnostics on Windows 10 can help detect and resolve hardware issues before they lead to data loss or system instability. Most hard drive manufacturers provide diagnostic tools that you can download from their websites. For instance, Western Digital offers “Data Lifeguard Diagnostic,” while Seagate provides “SeaTools.” Install and run the appropriate tool, select your target drive, and initiate the diagnostic tests. These tests will assess various aspects of your hard drive, including bad sectors, read/write performance, and overall health. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully, as different tools may have distinct features and tests.

How to Test a Refurbished Hard Drive in Windows 10?

Testing a refurbished hard drive in Windows 10 is crucial to ensure its reliability and suitability for your needs. Start by connecting the refurbished drive to your computer. Use a utility like “CrystalDiskInfo” or the manufacturer’s diagnostic tool, if available, to check the drive’s SMART attributes and overall health status. Additionally, perform a full scan using Windows’ built-in “chkdsk” utility to identify any potential issues. Running benchmark tests using software like “HDDScan” or “HD Tune” can help assess its performance. If any problems or abnormalities are detected, consider returning the drive to the seller or manufacturer for a replacement or warranty claim.

How to Fix Hard Drive Failure in Windows 10?

Dealing with a hard drive failure in Windows 10 can be a daunting task, but it’s essential to take immediate action to prevent data loss. If your drive shows signs of failure, such as unusual noises or frequent errors, back up your data immediately to an external drive or cloud storage. Next, attempt to repair the drive using the “chkdsk /f” command in Command Prompt to fix file system errors. If the drive remains problematic, consider professional data recovery services. In cases of severe hardware failure, you may need to replace the drive. To avoid future issues, invest in regular backups, maintain good airflow to prevent overheating, and use quality power sources to extend your drive’s lifespan.


In conclusion, ensuring the health of your hard drive is crucial to prevent data loss and system crashes. Windows 10 provides several built-in tools that can help you check if your hard drive is failing. By regularly monitoring the SMART status, running error-checking scans, and using third-party software for more comprehensive testing, you can stay ahead of potential problems. Remember to back up your important files regularly and consider replacing a failing hard drive as soon as possible to avoid any major disruptions. Take action today and safeguard your data by following these simple steps to check if your hard drive is failing in Windows 10.